The steward managed all the affairs of the castle. When the Normans came, the masonry keep, or dungeon, was added within the confines of the bailey.
Gatehouse - The gatehouse was built at the gate to help reinforce the castle defenses at its weakest point. Often times attacking armies would wait outside and try to starve out the castle dwellers rather than attack them.
The introduction of flying buttresses in Medieval Castle Architecture distributed the weight of roofs and walls right down to the ground. Wide deep moats replaced the crude ditches which were supposed to be filled with water.
Heritage and other societies take pride in preserving the remnants of a time centuries past for educating future generations. The wall went in the water wondrous deep, And a long way aloft it loomed overhead.
Norman castles had only one defensive wall. At the end of the fifteenth century, gunpowder was used in projectiles. Tower of London - Was built in Originally castles were made of wood and timber.
The wooden Motte and Bailey castles were at risk of fire and their towers were quickly replaced by the Stone Keeps, which also had their own problems.
Keep - The keep was a large tower and the last place of defense in a castle. Stone was cut with greater precision Flying buttresses were introduced. Dungeons, interestingly, were most commonly located within the tallest towers of the castle and not in underground cave-like facilities.
Many castles were built on a spring so they would have water during a siege. They could defend from attacks as well as prepare to launch attacks of their own from their castles.
The Sitemap provides full details of all of the information and facts provided about the fascinating subject of the Middle Ages!
Take a ten question quiz about this page. The castle started as a simple wooden structure on top of a mound surrounded by a ditch.
Generally they were cut out from walls allowing defenders to attack while still being protected by the wall. In order to defend themselves, they built their homes as large castles in the center of the land they ruled. The gates could be closed and the bridge lifted hindering the approach of enemy soldiers.
Should a castle by attacked and damaged, a large portion of the raw materials are still available to use in the rebuilding. Hohensalzburg Castle - Sitting on top of a hill in Austria, it was originally built inbut was greatly expanded in the late 15th century.
The bridge hung high in air; The gates were bolted fast; The walls well-framed to bear the fury of the blast. Social and cultural changes during the Middle Ages The changing needs of the Middle Ages population Advances in technology, in terms of the building tools New building techniques, construction methods and ideas for new styles of Middle Ages Castle architecture Symbolic reasons and designs in the style of architecture - illustrated in the building of Caernarvon Castle Practical reasons for the new locations of castles - such as the conquest of Wales The desire for more comfort in the castle Interiors The History of Middle Ages Castle Architecture The History of Middle Ages Castle Architecture starts with the Normans.
Curtain Wall - The wall around the castle which had a walkway on it from which defenders could fire arrows down onto attackers. A better-made barbican the knight beheld never. Over time the tower has served as a prison, treasury, armory, and royal palace.
Escape from these cells was incredibly difficult, adding another defensive aspect to the design of castles. The corners of the Square Keeps featured in the Norman architecture of the Middle Ages were weak and at risk of collapse due to mining techniques employed by the enemy.
Another significant advantage of using stone is the ability to re-use the material. Wood was less expensive and easier to transport; however, it had the obvious disadvantage of being extremely flammable.
In the 13th century, castles became even more sophisticated. Why did they build Castles? The Norman castles were replaced with concentric castles. The Middle Ages architecture of the concentric castles was effectively lots of buildings, walls, towers and gatehouses in one massive Medieval castle complex built within in successive lines of defence.
Living quarters were moved into new buildings which were constructed within the bailey. Turrets rising in tiers, with tines at their tops, Spires set beside them, splendidly long, With finials well-fashioned, as filigree fine.
At first, the keep dungeon was rectangular, but later it was found that a round keep was easier to defend. Towers served as an important defensive tactic by allow sentinels a higher vantage point from which to view an approaching enemy thereby giving the residents more time to prepare for the impending attack.
Previously stones were cut rather coarsely, but the Gothic style required carefully cut and shaped stones to realize the shapes and heights desired. Construction It is certainly impressive to think that the structures of the Middle Ages were erected with significantly less technological advancement than exists today.During the Middle Ages much of Europe was divided up between lords and princes.
They would rule the local land and all the people who lived there. In order to defend themselves, they built their homes as large castles in the center of the land they ruled. The first castles, built in the Early Middle Ages (early Medieval period), were ‘earthworks’ – mounds of earth primarily built for defence, as enemies struggled to climb them.
During the s, the Normans developed these into Motte and Bailey castle designs. Learn about the history of the Middle Ages Castles. Middle Ages Castles: Defence features were added to concentric castles design including the Drawbridge, Barbican, Portcullis, Gatehouse, Moat, Crenellations and Murder Holes.
Successfully defending a castle during the Middle Ages depended on whether the castle and its inhabitants could. Why were castles so important in the middle ages?
Update Cancel. Answer Wiki. 7 Answers. Krister Sundelin, Why were castles so important? What did they use for light in castles during the middle ages? A medieval castle was the fortified home of an important person, such as a lord or king.
The medieval period, also called the Middle Ages, lasted from the 5th century CE to the end of the 15th century.
During this time, many castles were built in Europe and the Middle East. They ranged from simple wooden enclosures to vast stone palaces.
Castles in the Middle Ages - Castles have a romantic connotation of princesses and princes, but real medieval castles more closely resemble fortresses than fairy tale illustrations. That being said, castles from the middle ages exhibit strength and majesty still evident on the landscape today.Download