Cancer and radiation

Prostate Cancer: Radiation Therapy

It does not touch you, but can move around you, sending radiation to a part of your body from many directions. Protect the treated area from direct sunlight even after your course of treatment is over.

Typical symptoms are soreness, diarrhoea, and nausea. Too much bed rest can make you more tired. This procedure reduces damage to healthy tissue between the charged particle radiation source and the tumor and sets a finite range for tissue damage after the tumor has been reached.

Who gives radiation therapy treatments? Good nutrition is an important part of recovering from the side effects of radiation therapy. It can also be found Cancer and radiation some spring waters and hot springs.

Talk openly with your partner about how you can stay close. If you lose hair on top of your head, be sure to wear a hat or a scarf to protect your scalp from the sun when you go outside.

Oxygen is a potent radiosensitizerincreasing the effectiveness of a given dose of radiation by forming DNA-damaging free radicals.

Radiation-induced cancer

What About Follow-Up Care? The speed at which cancer advances, the prognosisthe degree of pain, and every other feature of the disease are not functions of the radiation dose to which the person is exposed.

Radioactive drugs given by mouth or put into a vein are used to treat certain types of cancer. This is a radiation treatment in which the total dose of radiation is divided into large doses. Radiation therapy is also used post surgery in some cases to prevent the disease continuing to progress.

People dealing with certain medical issues find it helpful to share experiences with others in the same situation.

Radiation Therapy

Be sure to remain still and relaxed during treatment. Talk with your health insurance company about what services it will pay for. Could radiation be used instead of surgery? Clinical studies indicate that higher dose rates delivered with IMRT techniques improve the rate of local tumor control.

Also, you might be able to learn relaxation techniques and biofeedback to help control and reduce feelings of nausea.

What to Expect From Radiation Therapy

For some types of cancer, radiation and chemotherapy might be used together. Studies found, for example, that the IQ of 5 year old children declined each year after treatment by several IQ points. External radiation or external beam radiation: Data sources[ edit ] Increased Risk of Solid Cancer with Dose for A-bomb survivors The associations between ionizing radiation exposure and the development of cancer are based primarily on the " LSS cohort " of Japanese atomic bomb survivorsthe largest human population ever exposed to high levels of ionizing radiation.

Residential exposure to radon gas has similar cancer risks as passive smoking. Ask your doctor before you use any type of ointment, oil, lotion, or powder on your skin. People who are exposed to high levels of radon have an increased risk of lung cancer.

Normal cell operation is controlled by the chemical structure of DNA molecules, also called chromosomes. But if you want to have kids later on, you should talk with your doctor to see if you should use a sperm bank before treatment begins.

Treatment planning is generally performed on dedicated computers using specialized treatment planning software.

Radiation Therapy Basics

Pain from cancer that has spread to the bone can be treated with systemic radiation therapy drugs called radiopharmaceuticals. They are often due to damage of blood vessels and connective tissue cells. In the vast majority of cases, this risk is greatly outweighed by the reduction in risk conferred by treating the primary cancer.

Tissues which have been irradiated tend to become less elastic over time due to a diffuse scarring process. Many hospitals and clinics have a staff social worker who can help you during your treatment.

Internal Radiation Therapy Internal radiation therapy is a treatment in which a source of radiation is put inside your body. Be sure to get enough rest. The main side effects reported are fatigue and skin irritation, like a mild to moderate sun burn.

This is why diarrhea may result. During your radiation therapy, a team of highly trained medical professionals will care for you.Download ASCO's free Radiation Therapy fact sheet. This 1-page printable PDF gives an introduction to radiation therapy, including an overview of the different types of radiation, what to expect during treatment, possible side effects, terms to know, and questions to ask the health care team.

Radiation therapy

Radiation therapy uses high-energy particles or waves, such as x-rays, gamma rays, electron beams, or protons, to destroy or damage cancer cells. Your cells normally grow and divide to form new cells. But cancer cells grow and divide faster than most normal cells.

Radiation works by making small. Radiation therapy, also called X-ray therapy, uses high levels of radiation to kill prostate cancer cells or keep them from growing and dividing, while minimizing damage to healthy cells.

Radiation can cause cancer in most parts of the body, in all animals, and at any age, although radiation-induced solid tumors usually take 10–15 years, and can take up to 40 years, to become clinically manifest, and radiation-induced leukemias typically require 2–10 years to appear.

Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator. Radiation therapy may be curative in a number of types of cancer if they are localized to one area of the body.

Radiation therapy treats cancer by using high-energy waves to kill tumor cells. The goal is to destroy or damage the cancer without hurting too many healthy cells. This treatment can cause side.

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Cancer and radiation
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