It must relate to your study. The ability to review, and to report on relevant literature is a key academic skill. It must be clear to the reader where it is going: Taylor and Procter of The University of Toronto have some useful suggested questions to ask yourself at the beginning of your reading: Some useful guidance on how to approach the writing up is given by Wellington et al What research question s are you asking?
A critical review It is important that your literature review is more than just a list of references with a short description of each one.
This can involve further review with perhaps a slightly different focus from that of your initial review.
Decisions need to be made about where to focus your reading, and where you can refer briefly to an area but explain why you will not be going into it in more detail. To help you do this, you will need to establish a structure to work to. This has the advantage that, when you come to use that example in your writing up, you can choose: It is an important showcase of your talents of: There are three stages at which a review of the literature is needed: This applies especially to people doing PhDs on a part-time basis, where their research might extend over six or more years.
It is often not until you start explaining something in writing that you find where your argument is weak, and you need to collect more evidence. It is essential to check that you have constructed your synthesis well, and with sufficient supporting evidence. Engage in a dialogue with the literature, you are not just providing a summary.
Related Study Guides are: Study guide For a printer-friendly PDF version of this guide, click here This Study Guide explains why literature reviews are needed, and how they can be conducted and reported.
With longer projects such as a dissertation for a Masters degree, and certainly with a PhD, the literature review process will be more extended. This can mean that you get mixed up over what is an exact quote, and what you have written in your own words; or over what was an idea of your own that you jotted down, or an idea from some text.
Using tables As well as using tables to display numerical data, tables can be useful within a literature review when you are comparing other kinds of material. The thread running through the story is the explanation of why you decided to do the study that you are doing.
What is the scope of my literature review? It can also establish a framework within which to present and analyse the findings. What discipline s am I working in e.The focus of the Study Guide is the literature review within a dissertation or a thesis, but many of the ideas are transferable to other kinds of writing, such as an.
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A literature review is an essay that surveys, summarizes, links together, and assesses research in a given field. It surveys the literature by reviewing a large body of work on a subject; it summarizes by noting the main conclusions and findings of the research; it links together works in.
A literature review can be just a simple summary of the sources, but it usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis. A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that information.
Why do we write literature reviews? Literature. How to Write a Literature Review As a general guide, a dissertation literature review will account for approximately ten to fifteen per cent of a dissertation. However, there are some dissertations, for example within subjects such as nursing, where the literature review may account for significantly more.
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