Rather what is needed is to make sure that in so far as the state has to deal with different religions and members of different religious communities, there must be a basic symmetry of treatment. The marble sides are carved with figures of Hindu deities, as well as Christian Saints and Jesus Christ.
This history is not unique to India, as many European nations have had a political system that is highly dependent on religion. Approximately 1, people were killed andpeople displaced.
However, in focusing on the question of the desired distance between religion and state or politics, the idea that secularism essentially promoted a social philosophy of life got sidelined.
For all its limitations, the secular option is the only one that offers the possibility of realising substantive equality for all those, but especially women, who are marginalised and discriminated against. Of course, this was not an easy task but efforts to have been lacking.
Religious laws in personal domain, particularly for Muslim Indians, supersede parliamentary laws in India; and currently, in some situations such as religious indoctrination schools the state partially finances certain religious schools.
India, unlike the United States, does not define secular as being separate from or without any religious or spiritual basis. In fact, all the causes that Adityanath espouses have been reinforced: The cultural dimension of secularism has been totally neglected, and we have, therefore, neither attempted to develop a composite Indian culture based on a true amalgam of all religious sub-cultures, nor have we developed a new culture based on secular values, with emphasis on secular symbols.
Sen argues that the first form is more suited to India, where there is no demand that the state stay clear of any association with any religious matter whatsoever. When church and state come together, then, either by default or design, all three features — inequality, patriarchal control and exclusionary practices — are consolidated.
In societies where such distinctions are emphasized, groups and communities remain distanced from one another. Of late an attempt has been made by a sizeable section of the Indian society to equate Hindu cultural symbols as national culture.
The defective educational system which has encouraged the people to think in terms of groups and communities, has also failed to inculcate secular ideas in the minds of young students and promote feeling of mutual give and take.
Such limitations indicate that the path leading to a truly secular society in India is strewn with numerous hurdles.
The overlap of religion and state, through Concurrent List structure, has given various religions in India, state support to religious schools and personal laws. I do not believe that India is the only country to struggle in balancing religion and politics. The role of the state was key but not of exclusive significance.
It is this voluntary apportioning of social responsibility that stalls the process of social ghettoisation of the religious minorities in India. Read this comprehensive essay on the problems of secularism in India! Rather partial non-intervention has led to religious fundamentalism in place of growth of humanism.
Shah Bano Begum Inthe Shah Bano case brought the secularism debate along with a demand for uniform civil code in India to the forefront. The Chief Justice further ruled that no authoritative text of Islam forbade the payment of regular maintenance to ex-wives. Further, if secularism is a social philosophy of thick The politics of secularism in india and cross-cultural bonds, then it has to be guided by compassion and not merely a policy of tolerance.
At the time of writing, he continues to hold both offices: Whereas I have grown up understanding that secular means the separation of church and state and therefore the separation of religion from politics, religion continues to play a key role within Indian politics in a way that sometimes negatively affects minority religious groups.
The Islamic feminists movement in India, for example, claim  that the issue with Muslim Personal Law in India is a historic and ongoing misinterpretation of the Quran.
Despite abandonment of communal electorates and a ban on the use of religion for soliciting votes, the various political parties and groups have frequently made use of communal factors to get into power. Sen does not claim that modern India is symmetric in its treatment or offer any views of whether acceptance of sharia in matters such as child marriage is equivalent to having a neutral attitude towards a religion.
The political parties in India have tended to use religion and caste factors for the promotion of their political interests and thus greatly undermined the secular values. The second view insists that the state must not have any relation at all with any religion. Shah Bano sued for regular maintenance payments under Section of the Criminal Procedure Code, Re-imagining secularism as a social philosophy of compassion and an art of friendship with strangers is an imperative pre-condition to guide state policy.
This has been described as inconsistency in the growth of secularism in India. In terms of religions of India with significant populations, only Islam has religious laws in form of sharia which India allows as Muslim Personal Law.India Needs to Rethink How It Looks at Secularism.
In focusing on the question of the desired distance between religion and state or politics, the idea that secularism essentially promoted a social philosophy of life has been sidelined.
Politics of Secularism & Religion In Emerging India Mahesh Kumar Chadalawada Freelance Journalist, Columnist & Socio-Political Radio Presenter 24/09/,The Parliament Square, London. The History: Historically India is a land of peace and harmony. matter, arguing that the political issues and political practices that involve the question of secularism in India have a different focus and meaning altogether from the issues and practices that dominate.
In this timely, nuanced collection, twenty leading Indian cultural theorists assess the contradictory ideals, policies, and practices of secularism in India. Scholars of history, anthropology, religion, politics, law, philosophy, and media studies take on a broad range of concerns. But the politics of secularism in India is integrally reliant and revolves around the co-optation of untouchables into an upper caste Hindu identity.
The crucial fact that needs to be clarified is that, rather than being distinct from the categories of community and caste, nationalism and communalism, liberalism and democracy, Indian secularism emerged as the nexus of all of these. Why Secularism in India Is Under Serious Threat. For another, both are indicative of the extent to which the domain of religions now impinges on the political and vice versa.Download